Presented by Lynn Keenan, MD
Referenced Article: Wang, I-Duo & Liu, Yung-Liang & Peng, Chung-Kan & Chung, Chi-Hsiang & Chang, Shan-Yueh & Tsao, Chang-Huei & Chien, Wu-Chien. (2017). Non-Apnea Sleep Disorder Increases the Risk of Subsequent Female Infertility-A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study. Sleep. 41. 10.1093/sleep/zsx186.
Non-apnea sleep disorder (NASD) increases the risk of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, cardiovascular disease, and stroke. However, the risk and the time interval of NASD to female infertility has not been thoroughly understood. Our study aimed to determine whether NASD increases the subsequent risk of female infertility.
This study utilized outpatient and inpatient data from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database between 2000 and 2010 in Taiwan. We enrolled 50,154 females aged 20 to 45 years old and diagnosed with NASD as outpatients ≥2 times or hospitalized, 16,718 of them who matched our criteria were assigned to the study group. For each NASD patient, two comparison patients were frequency matched by age (each 5-year span), index date, and comorbidities as the control cohort with a total of 33,436 patients. We conducted Cox proportional hazard regression analysis to estimate the effects of NASD on female infertility.
The NASD cohort had an adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of subsequent female infertility of 3.718-fold higher than that of the cohort without sleep disorders. In the stratified age group, NASD had the highest impact on 26-30 years old, with an adjusted HR of 5.146 followed by 31-35 years old (adjusted HR = 3.356). The Kaplan-Meier analysis also showed that in the sixth year of follow-up, the incidence of female infertility was higher in the NASD cohort than in the general population cohort till the end of the follow-up.
Our study demonstrates that NASD patients are at a higher risk of developing female infertility.